A food truck is usually a large electric motorized vehicle, sometimes attached to a trailer, to quickly prepare, cook, serve, and sell food. Some of them, such as ice cream vans, sell pre-packed or frozen food; others simply have on-board refrigerators and prepare food straight from scratch, or they reheat prepared food in a large bricks and mortar restaurant. Some are small travel carts with a seating of two to four people. Checkout Grand Rapids Food Truck for more info. Others have one or two seating but may have side burners, warming racks, refrigerators or microwaves. They’re usually small and compact, about the size of a regular car, and are most often owned by restaurants and other food service businesses. But many owners use them to occasionally deliver meals or do short stints at local homes, hotels, or offices.
There are two main types of food trucks: the street food truck and the mobile kitchen. The street food truck locates its meals on the streets or ‘averages’ where people are likely to be looking for their favorite foods. Some mobile kitchen operations are based at temporary job sites, such as fairs, carnivals, outdoor events, and hotel or motel complexes. Most often, food trucks are painted brightly colored to attract customers, and some feature cartoon characters or bright colors to get attention. Many food trucks are operated by independent operators, although some are privately owned franchises. Franchises that own multiple Food Truck Food Chain outlets have more financial success than independently owned food trucks because of the ability to keep good customer relationships because of long-term business and supply relationship with a large distributor or wholesaler.
Food Truck and Mobile Kitchen business owners need to obtain a variety of permits in various municipalities and localities in the United States. Most local governments require food trucks and mobile kitchens to obtain a city permit before setting up shop. This permit is also required for any sale or service of food, beverages, or commercial activities taking place on the same premises as the truck or mobile kitchen. Business owners may be required to obtain state permits for sales to restaurants and other retail establishments within 100 feet of the truck or mobile kitchen, and sales to other businesses located in the same building as the food truck or mobile kitchen. Some cities, counties, and states also have their own ordinances that must be followed when operating a mobile kitchen or a food truck business.